This glossary contains definitions of terms used throughout Global EbA Fund Application Documents. This is hardly an exhaustive list.

Added value

An improvement or addition to something that makes it worth more; an increase in the value of a resource, product, or service as the result of a particular process. Projects should draw on and improve the EbA knowledge base and body of experiences and practices. Projects supported by the Fund should fill a gap in an existing project, address a knowledge gap, contribute to policy upscaling, lead to systematic changes and/or behavioural changes of decision makers or a significant number of individuals or institutions, enhance the impact of an investment in EbA, and/or serve to develop a larger proposal to another funding mechanism.

Adapted from Cambridge Dictionary


A catalytic project will leverage existing knowledge, standards, partnerships, experiences, and best practices or fill gaps therein to facilitate increased uptake of EbA globally, regionally, and nationally. In particular, The Fund will deploy technical and financing support to concepts that help implement NDC commitments and scale up EbA ambition in three areas: i) building awareness and understanding, ii) planning and other governance gaps and the potential for scaling up, and iii) seeking solutions to financing gaps. This could include, but is not limited to: increasing scalability or replicability of EbA interventions, shifting social or behavioural norms, strengthening the case for economic viability or feasibility of EbA interventions, expanding the evidence base for EbA effectiveness, integrating EbA into complementary climate adaptation strategies, creating synergies between EbA initiatives, or mainstreaming EbA into policies, institutions, or other sectors.

Compliance with the law

Compliance with the law means that the potential recipient has not violated any laws (as far as is known) for example, by evading tax payments or encouraging undeclared work.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2020)


Corruption is the misuse of public or private sector positions of power or influence for private benefit. This may take the form of bribery, dispatch money, embezzlement, nepotism, blackmail, fraud, kickbacks, the exertion of unlawful influence, secret arrangements, and insider dealing. Anti-corruption covers all activities designed to prevent and combat corruption wherever and whenever it occurs.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2020)

Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA)

The use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.

CBD (2009)


 An idea or project that introduces new ideas or methods based on original, creative or advanced thinking.

Adapted from Oxford Languages

Marginalized groups

Different groups of people within a given culture, context and history at risk of being subjected to multiple discrimination due to the interplay of different personal characteristics or grounds, such as sex, gender, age, ethnicity, religion or belief, health status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, education or income, or living in various geographic localities.

Adapted from European Institute for Gender Equality (2021)

No regret options

No-regret actions include measures taken by communities and/or facilitated by organisations which do not worsen vulnerabilities to climate change or which increase adaptive capacities and measures that will always have a positive impact on livelihoods and ecosystems regardless of how the climate changes.

Adapted from IUCN (2014)


The actual goal of the project, i.e. the intended changes related to adaptation to the effects of climate change that can be directly causally attributed to the project. Moreover, this includes the transformation in processes that intermediaries and target groups undergo when using project results or outputs.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2020)


Products, goods or services, and their use by project stakeholders/participants, produced or provided as a result of the implementation of project activities. The combined use of the project’s outputs contributes to the attainment of the project outcome.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2020)

Scaling up

Enhancing or increasing the impact or extent of something (i.e. an action, mission, or strategy). In the context of the Global EbA Fund, scaling up refers to increasing the impact of knowledge, best practices, etc. drawn from previous work.

Adapted from Collins Dictionary


Intended, designed, or able to be used or to function alone or separately. Not connected to or requiring connection to something else in order to be used or to function. A standalone project operates independently of other initiatives and is not explicitly designed to achieve synergies with other projects and initiatives.

Adapted from Merriam-Webster

Header Image: © IUCN/MFF; Footer Image: © UNEP