This glossary contains definitions of terms used throughout Global EbA Fund Application Documents. This is hardly an exhaustive list.

Added value

An improvement or addition to something that makes it worth more; an increase in the value of a resource, product, or service as the result of a particular process. Projects should draw on and improve the EbA knowledge base and body of experiences and practices. Projects supported by the Fund should fill a gap in an existing project, address a knowledge gap, contribute to policy upscaling, lead to systematic changes and/or behavioural changes of decision makers or a significant number of individuals or institutions, enhance the impact of an investment in EbA, and/or serve to develop a larger proposal to another funding mechanism.

Adapted from Cambridge Dictionary


Targeted intervention that leads to a transformative shift at a systemic level at either a global, regional, national, or sub-national scale.

See examples of levers for catalytic change under Section 1.2 of the GPM.

Adapted from the Grant Procedures Manual (2023)

Compliance with the law

Compliance with the law means that the potential recipient has not violated any laws (as far as is known) for example, by evading tax payments or encouraging undeclared work.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2022)


Corruption is the misuse of public or private sector positions of power or influence for private benefit. This may take the form of bribery, dispatch money, embezzlement, nepotism, blackmail, fraud, kickbacks, the exertion of unlawful influence, secret arrangements, and insider dealing. Anti-corruption covers all activities designed to prevent and combat corruption wherever and whenever it occurs.

Adapted from IKI Small Grants Application Guidelines (2022)

Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA)

The use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.

CBD (2021)


Innovative projects on EbA are the ones that are yet to be proven, are at the initial stages of development, or are yet to be tested in a different context and can take the shape of an approach, a process, a practical tool or an application. It is based on horizontal and collaborative working practices that consider a diverse range of views and the context in which the innovation is taking place.  

Adapted from the Grant Procedures Manual (2023)

Marginalised groups

Different groups of people within a given culture, context and history at risk of being subjected to multiple discrimination due to the interplay of different personal characteristics or grounds, such as sex, gender, age, ethnicity, religion or belief, health status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, education or income, or living in various geographic localities. 

Adapted from European Institute for Gender Equality (2022)

No-regret actions

No-regret actions include measures taken by communities and/or facilitated by organisations which do not worsen vulnerabilities to climate change or which increase adaptive capacities and measures that will always have a positive impact on livelihoods and ecosystems regardless of how the climate changes.

Adapted from IUCN (2014)


The central overarching goal of the project, i.e. the positive changes in terms of new or improved policies, plans and practices implemented by target groups that the project contributes to against the backdrop of longer-term, higher-level impacts. While the project cannot completely control the achievement of the outcome, it can steer toward it and demonstrate how the activities and outputs contribute to the attainment of the outcome. The Fund expects that proposed projects will have one outcome. 

Adapted from the Grant Procedures Manual (2023)


Concrete products and services developed and delivered by the project that are in line with partners’ and target groups’ needs. Projects are responsible for delivering on outputs, which in turn are expected to make a verifiable contribution to the outcome. Typically, several activities correspond to each distinctive output. The Fund expects that proposed projects will have at maximum three outputs. 

Adapted from the Grant Procedures Manual (2023)

Scaling up

Enhancing or increasing the impact or extent of something (i.e. an action, mission, or strategy). In the context of the Global EbA Fund, scaling up refers to increasing the impact of knowledge, best practices, etc. drawn from previous work.

Adapted from Collins Dictionary


Intended, designed, or able to be used or to function alone or separately. Not connected to or requiring connection to something else in order to be used or to function. A standalone project operates independently of other initiatives and is not explicitly designed to achieve synergies with other projects and initiatives.

Adapted from Merriam-Webster

Header Image: © IUCN/MFF; Footer Image: © UNEP

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